Tuesday, July 2, 2019

Oliver Bailey (1738-1822) — A Hero of Two Wars

Oliver Bailey, our 6th great-grandfather, was born 25 JUN 1738, in Haddam, Middletown, CT; and died 14 OCT 1822 in Granville Township, Pennsylvania.


Military Record

French and Indians War:

In 1758 Oliver served the King of England in the French and Indians War with Captain Jonathan Latimore's Fifth Company of the Third Connecticut Regiment. In 1760 Oliver served the King of England in the French and Indians War with Captain Ichabod Scranton's Fifth Company of the Second Connecticut Regiment

Revolutionary War:

During the Revolutionary War Oliver was a private in the 8th Company of Capt. Cornelius Higgins of Haddam, Col. William Douglas' 5th Battalion, General Wadsworth's brigade, raised June, 1776, to reinforce George Washington's army at New York; he fought in the battles of Long Island and White Plains".

The following battle accounts are from Wikipedia…

The Battle of Long Island

The Battle of Long Island is also known as the Battle of Brooklyn and the Battle of Brooklyn Heights. It was fought on August 27, 1776 and was the first major battle of the American Revolutionary War to take place after the United States declared its independence on July 4, 1776. It was a victory for the British Army and the beginning of a successful campaign that gave them control of the strategically important city of New York. In terms of troop deployment and fighting, it was the largest battle of the entire war.

After defeating the British in the Siege of Boston on March 17, 1776, commander-in-chief General George Washington brought the Continental Army to defend the port city of New York, then limited to the southern end of Manhattan Island. Washington understood that the city's harbor would provide an excellent base for the British Navy during the campaign, so he established defenses there and waited for the British to attack. In July, the British under the command of General William Howe landed a few miles across the harbor from Manhattan on the sparsely-populated Staten Island, where they were slowly reinforced by ships in Lower New York Bay during the next month and a half, bringing their total force to 32,000 troops. Washington knew the difficulty in holding the city with the British fleet in control of the entrance to the harbor at the Narrows, and he moved the bulk of his forces to Manhattan, believing that it would be the first target.

On August 22, the British landed on the shores of Gravesend Bay in southwest Kings County, across the Narrows from Staten Island and more than a dozen miles south from the established East River crossings to Manhattan. After five days of waiting, the British attacked American defenses on the Guan Heights. Unknown to the Americans, however, Howe had brought his main army around their rear and attacked their flank soon after. The Americans panicked, resulting in twenty percent losses through casualties and captures, although a stand by 400 Maryland troops prevented a larger portion of the army from being lost. The remainder of the army retreated to the main defenses on Brooklyn Heights. The British dug in for a siege but, on the night of August 29–30, Washington evacuated the entire army to Manhattan without the loss of supplies or a single life. Washington and the Continental Army were driven out of New York entirely after several more defeats and forced to retreat through New Jersey and into Pennsylvania.

Retreat from long island

The Battle of White Plains was a battle in the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on October 28, 1776, near White Plains, New York. Following the retreat of George Washington's Continental Army northward from New York City, British General William Howe landed troops in Westchester County, intending to cut off Washington's escape route. Alerted to this move, Washington retreated farther, establishing a position in the village of White Plains but failed to establish firm control over local high ground. Howe's troops drove Washington's troops from a hill near the village; following this loss, Washington ordered the Americans to retreat farther north.

Later British movements chased Washington across New Jersey and into Pennsylvania. Washington then crossed the Delaware and surprised a brigade of Hessian troops in the December 26 Battle of Trenton.

Our Lineage

Oliver Bailey (1738 - 1822) -- 6th great-grandfather — A Hero of Two Wars

Thomas Bailey (1765 - 1854) -- Son of Oliver Bailey — Served in the War of 1812

Smith Bailey (1789 - 1862) -- Son of Thomas Bailey — Served in the War of 1812

Orange Bailey (1811 - 1905) -- Son of Smith Bailey

David Solomon Bailey (1837 - 1915) -- Son of Orange Bailey — Served the Union in the Civil War

David Jackson Bailey (1865 - 1949) -- Son of David Solomon Bailey

Frank Jackson Bailey (1886 - 1968) -- Son of David Jackson Bailey, our granddad — Served in the Montana Militia during WWI

Sunday, May 19, 2019

Creating the Perfect Voyageur Costume

June 2019, Sash, Tuque, Capote and Iroquois beaded sheath.

Earlier this year I purchased a wonderful capote (blanket coat) from a gent named Gary who is the owner 'GettinPrimitive' a business on Esty at...

His wife made it and it's one of the prettiest capotes I've seen. I've owned a couple in the past, but this one is much nicer.

Last month I commissioned a skilled finger-weaver to make a voyageurs ceinture fléchée (arrow sash) for me. He sent the above photo of it at about 30% complete. 

George, the weaver, can be found at 'NoOnesshop' on Etsy https://www.etsy.com/shop/NoOnesshop?ref=simple-shop-header-name&listing_id=506427719

This month I purchased an Iroquois beaded knife sheath with a good replica forged trade knife. The maker, an Iroquois descendant in New York, said he made it so it could be either a neck knife or belt knife.

I figure our voyageur ancestors would have likely traded for and used First Nations accoutrements like a knife and sheath.

I'm making some improvement in my appearance. Back in 1987, my gear was a mixture of all kinds of periods and styles.

I think this new knife will look pretty good on my new sash when it arrives.

I’m using the voyageur (detail) in this HBC mural from ”Pioneer at Fort Garry 1861", by Adam Sherriff Scott, as my model.

I also found and purchased a wonderful Cree or Ojibwe possibles bag from a gent named Lance Grabowski. I like it a lot. His web page is http://www.lancegrabowski.com/

The Old Man must have taken a liking to me this past month because I also found a talented wood carver who has agreed to make me a new Beaver effigy canoe cup.

You can see his amazing work on his Facebook page... https://www.facebook.com/CustomHistory/

Mind yur topknot!  And, keep yur powder dry!

Saturday, March 9, 2019


I have been researching our French-Canadian fur trade ancestors for nearly a decade, so last week I decided to see if I could find any fur traders in our Dutch ancestors from Albany New York.  

As you know I found Jan Fransse Van Hoesen (1608-1665) our 9th great-grandfather who dabbled in the fur trade. SEE: http://a-drifting-cowboy.blogspot.com/2019/03/an-interesting-new-netherland-land.html

So, being an obsessive-compulsive genealogist I decided to see if I could find any fur traders in our New England ancestry.

I spent an entire day studying the fur trade in early Connecticut and Massachusetts. 

Armed with the names of some early New England fur traders I started comparing their surnames with ancestors in our family tree, and lo and behold I found in an online document titled, “John Pynchon, New England Fur Trade 1652-76,” a Joseph Parsons, fur trader and merchant from Massachusetts, and in our family tree I found an Elizabeth Parsons (1716-1800) who was the wife of Joseph Allen our 2nd cousin 9x removed.

Working backwards from Elizabeth Parsons (1716-1800) I found her great-grandfather Joseph Parsons (1620-1683).


Birth  before June 25, 1620, Great Torrington, Devon, England 
Death 09 October, 1683, Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Colonial America  
Occupation: Fur trader, Fur Trade, merchant, land owner, very rich, Businessman and Soldier

He is the paternal grandfather of wife of 2nd cousin 9x removed — I know it’s a reach, but he is a relative.


1642: In 1642 he was one of the founders of the colony at Northampton, and one of the first purchasers of Indian lands there in 1645.[9] He was a fur trader[9] and bought the sole right to barter and traffic in furs in the Connecticut Valley for an annual fee of £12. He accumulated a large estate. [10]

1655: About 1655, he purchased of William Pynchon, for the sum of twelve pounds per year a monopoly of the Connecticut River beaver or fur trade, in which he was successfully engaged.

MORE: From: Cornet Joseph Parsons One of the Founders of Springfield and Northampton, Pages 93 and 94.
SEE: https://archive.org/details/cornetjosephpar00parsgoog


Joseph Parsons (1647 - ) -- paternal grandfather of wife of 2nd cousin 9x removed

Noah Parsons (1692 - ) -- Son of Joseph Parsons

Elizabeth Parsons (1716 - 1800) -- Daughter of Noah Parsons

Joseph Allen (1708 - 1755) -- Husband of Elizabeth Parsons

Samuel Allen (1666 - 1718) -- Father of Joseph Allen

Nehemiah Allen (1636 - 1684) -- Father of Samuel Allen

Samuel Allen (Allyn) (1588 - 1648) -- Father of Nehemiah Allen

John Allen (Allyn) (1638 - 1675) -- Son of Samuel Allen (Allyn)

John Allen (1670 - 1739) -- Son of John Allen (Allyn)

Elizabeth Allen (1698 - 1766) -- Daughter of John Allen

Elizabeth Ellsworth (1736 - 1780) -- Daughter of Elizabeth Allen

Elizabeth Rood (1753 - 1838) -- Daughter of Elizabeth Ellsworth

Rosemanty Rogers (1789 - 1843) -- Daughter of Elizabeth Rood

Orange Bailey (1811 - 1905) -- Son of Rosemanty Rogers

David Solomon Bailey (1837 - 1915 -- Son of Orange Bailey

David Jackson Bailey (1865 - 1949) -- Son of David Solomon Bailey

Frank Jackson Bailey (1886 - 1968) -- Son of David Jackson Bailey — our grandfather


The Battle of Bloody Brook was fought on September 18, 1675 between English colonial militia from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and a band of Indians led by the Nipmuc sachem Muttawmp, during King Philip's War. 

The Indians ambushed colonists escorting a train of wagons carrying the harvest from Deerfield to Hadley, and killed at least 40 militia men and 17 teamsters out of a company that included 79 militia.

The Pocumtuc tribe, allied with the Nipmuc, were aggrieved by the Deerfield colonists encroaching on their settlements.

One of the teamsters killed was our 9th great-grandfather  John Allen (Allyn) 1638–1675; born 5 APRIL 1638 • Windsor, Connecticut; died 18 SEPTEMBER 1675 • Deerfield, Massachusetts.

To me it is amazing that we are alive, so many of our ancestors died in a similar tragic manner during the early years of the United States experiment.

Our 8th great-grandfather John Allen (1670–1739) was just five years old when his father was killed at Bloody Brook.

Samuel Allen (Allyn) 1588–1648, our 10th great-grandfather was the father of John Allen (Allyn) 1638–1675, and 2x great-grandfather of famous American Patriot Ethan Allen (1737–1789) our 3rd cousin 8x removed.

We lost more than a few ancestors in the “French and Indian Wars”

Saturday, March 2, 2019


Jan Fransse Van Hoesen (1608–1665) our 9th great-grandfather
BIRTH 11 NOV 1608 • Husum, Nordfriesland, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
DEATH 29 NOV 1665 • Albany, Albany County, New York, USA

MARRIAGE: Volkje Juriaens Van Noorstrant (1618–1703), 15 May 1639 • Amsterdam, Netherlands


i. Juriaen Janse Van Hoesen
BIRTH 1642 • Albany, Albany, New York, United States
DEATH 15 MAY 1711 • Claverack, Albany, New York, United States
9th great-uncle (FUR TRADER)

+ii. Annetje Janse Van Hoesen
BIRTH 1648 • Ft Orange, Albany, New York, United States
DEATH OCT 1709 • Kinderhook, Albany County, New York, British America
8th great-grandmother

About Jan Fransse Van Husum 

In 1639, Jan Van Husum and his wife Volkje Juriens sailed from Amsterdam aboard the ship Den Harlinck, having agreed to settle in the colony of Rensselaerwyck for four years. They settled at Fort Orange, formerly a fur trading post established in 1624, and, over the years Jan made several purchases of land. Eventually a tiny community called Beverwyck would grow around the old fort.

In 1652, Jan purchased a lot now located on the corner of Broadway and State Street. The next year he received a grant of land above the town's stockade with an adjoining garden.

On June 5, 1662, Jan Van Husum, as had Kiliaen van Rensselaer years before, became a freeholder of land, PURCHASING FROM THE MOHICANS SEVERAL HUNDRED ACRES OF THE CLAVERACK LAND to the north of Rensselaerwyck. THE PURCHASE PRICE WAS 500 GUILDERS IN BEAVER SKINS. Jan's purchase included the present day city of Hudson and part of Greenport. It extended along the Hudson Riveron the north from Stockport Creek to the mouth of Keshna's Kill on the south, which empties into the South Bay near Mount Merino, and on the east of Claverack Creek. At this point, it met the boundary of Rennsalaerwyck.

In 1664,  New Netherlands fell to the British and Beverwyck was renamed Albany.

Jan Van Husum and the Patron Renssalaer would meet in a court of law, as van Rennselaer contested Jan's land patent. After Jan Van Husum's death, the case would be decided in his favor.

Our Lineage:

Jan Fransse Van Hoesen (1608 - 1665) -- 9th great-grandfather

Annetje Janse Van Hoesen (1648 - 1709) -- Daughter of Jan Fransse Van Hoesen

Jacobus Lucasze Wyngaard (1675 - 1727) -- Son of Annetje Janse Van Hoesen

Abraham Wyngaart (Winegard) (1705 - ) -- Son of Jacobus Lucasze Wyngaard

Peter (Pieter) Wyngaart (Wyngart) (Winegard) DNA proven (1741 - 1790) -- Son of Abraham Wyngaart (Winegard)

James Winegard (1785 - 1868) -- Son of Peter (Pieter) Wyngaart (Wyngart) (Winegard) DNA proven

Charity Winegard (Weingand) (1819 - 1874) -- Daughter of James Winegard

Charles Henry Plympton (1845 - 1925) -- Son of Charity Winegard (Weingand)

Geneva (Neva) Plympton (1870 - 1939) -- Daughter of Charles Henry Plympton

Lydia Corinna Brown (1891 - 1971) -- Daughter of Geneva (Neva) Plympton -- our grandmother

Monday, February 4, 2019


La Salle's party entering the Mississippi River


René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was a French explorer best known for leading an expedition down the Mississippi River, claiming the region for France.

Born in Rouen, France, on November 22, 1643, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was an explorer best known for leading an expedition down the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. He claimed the region watered by the Mississippi and its tributaries for France and named it Louisiana after King Louis XIV. His last expedition to establish fur trading posts failed and cost La Salle his life in 1687.

René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was born into a wealthy merchant family in Rouen, France, on November 22, 1643. When La Salle was 15, he gave up his inheritance to become a Jesuit priest. However, by age 22, La Salle found himself attracted to adventure and asked to be sent abroad as a missionary to join his brother, Jean, who had been in New France (Canada) for a year and was a priest of the Seminary of St. Sulpice.

With no craft and no funds, La Salle was nearly destitute when he landed on the island of Montreal in 1667. He asked to be released from the Jesuit Society citing “moral weaknesses.” The Seminary of St. Sulpice had laid claim to areas on the island of Montreal and was granting land to settlers for protection against the Iroquois. Soon after his arrival, La Salle received a land grant. He quickly built a settlement, granted land to other settlers and initiated relations with the local natives. The Mohawks told him of a great river named the Ohio that flowed to the Mississippi and out to the sea. La Salle thus became obsessed with the idea of finding a river in North America that flowed to China.

About this time, La Salle befriended New France Governor Daniel Courcelle, the Count of Frontenac. Courcelle shared La Salle’s obsession with exploration, and together they pursued a policy of extending French military power across the Great Lakes. La Salle sold his settlement and in 1673 traveled to France to obtain permission from French King Louis XIV to explore the region between Florida, Mexico and New France.

By 1677, La Salle had prospered, controlling a large share of the fur trade, but relentless ambition drove him to seek more. He once again sailed to France to obtain permission to explore the western part of New France and the Mississippi in hopes of finding a water route to China. La Salle returned to Montreal with dozens of men and Italian soldier of fortune Henri de Tonti, who became his devoted disciple. By August 1679, La Salle’s men had constructed a fort on the Niagara River and built the ship Le Griffon for the journey down the Mississippi. The mission had to be suspended due to the loss of Le Griffon, most likely in a storm, and a mutiny by the sailors. (La Salle was reputedly callous in his treatment of those he deemed subordinate.) 

In February of 1682, La Salle led a new expedition down the Mississippi River. Along the way they built Fort Prod’homme at present-day Memphis, Tennessee. In April, they reached the Gulf of Mexico. La Salle named the region "La Louisiane," in honor of King Louis XIV, and cultivated important military, social and political alliances with Native American tribes in the upper Mississippi River area. On his return trip, La Salle established Fort St. Louis in Illinois.

On July 24, 1684, La Salle set out for North America with a large contingent of four ships and 300 sailors to establish a French colony on the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Mississippi River and challenge Spanish rule in Mexico. The expedition encountered problems nearly from the start. La Salle and the marine commander argued over navigation. One ship was lost to pirates in the West Indies. When the fleet finally landed at Matagorda Bay (near present-day Houston, Texas), they were 500 miles west of their intended destination. There, a second ship sunk and a third headed back to France. The last ship was wrecked by a drunken pilot, stranding the remaining crew on land. In October 1686, La Salle took a small team of men and traveled up the Lavaca River trying to locate the Mississippi. Most of the men died. A second team set out but a few months later, a mutiny erupted and five men attacked and killed La Salle on March 19, 1687.

Though René-Robert La Salle failed in his last mission, his expeditions built a network of forts from Canada, across the Great Lakes and along the Ohio, Illinois and Mississippi rivers. This defensive front line established the French territory in North America and defined its commercial and diplomatic policy for almost a century. His friendships with numerous Native American tribes assisted and supported French colonial settlers and the military up to the Seven Years’ War.


The Cavelier name appears twice in our family tree as the surname for both Perette, wife of Pierre Godefroy and Collette, wife of Robert LeBer. Their estimated birth dates are far enough apart that it is probable they have different parents. 

Interestingly various sources link both women to the explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, though no direct evidence is yet available of a kinship between the three. The name "cavalier" is of French origin and means "knight, or horseman". 

Perrette Cavelier
BIRTH 26 MAR 1593 • Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
DEATH 15 DEC 1636 • Le Havre, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
10th great-grandmother

Jean Cavelier (1565–1660)
Guillemette Perrichon Boue (1565–1630)

Pierre Godefroy de Linctot (1585–1666)

Jean Godefroy sieur de Linctot (1607–1678)
Thomas Godefroy de Normanville (1610–1652)
Anne Godefroy (1615–1678)

Colette Cavelier
BIRTH 1605 • Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
DEATH 20 MAY 1694 • Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
9th great-grandmother

Antoine Cavalier (1582–1658)
Gracie Vernede (1571–1660)

Robert LeBer (1601–1625)

Marie Leber (1620–1714) 
+Francois Leber (Lebert) (1626–1694)
Jacques Leber (Lebert) dit Larose (1633–1706)

THE LE BER-LE MOYNE FUR TRADING POST (1669-1687) was constructed on land which once belonged to the French explorer RENÉ-ROBERT CAVELIER, SIEUR DE LA SALLE.

In 1667 Ville Marie's (Montreal's) richest merchants, Jacques Le Ber, my 9th great-uncle, and Charles Le Moyne, his brother-in-law, bought the land from René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle to construct Lachine's first fur trading post. 

Constructed between 1669 and 1671, the fur trading post enabled the two brothers-in-law to control the main access routes of the Lake Saint-Louis and consequently the fur trade. Archival records indicate that the merchants ceased to use the building sometime between 1680 and 1685.

The Le Ber-Le Moyne House is the oldest complete building in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

It is located in the borough of Lachine, bordering the Saint Lawrence River, between the Lachine Rapids and Lake Saint-Louis. It is a recognized National Historic Site of Canada since June 19, 2002. 

Given the facts that Perrette's two sons traveled with Champlain, and the Leber family were some of the earliest fur traders, it seems likely that both families were not only well connected in France, but had a family tie to La Salle.

Friday, January 25, 2019

Timeline of my French-Canadian Great-Grandfathers in the Fur Trade

Part 1 - 1600s

Philippe Amiot (Amyot) dit Villeneuve (1602-1639) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Georges Elie Amyot (1570-1620) and Louise Chichon (1580-1610)
Birth 1602 • Soissons, Aisne, Picardie, France
Death 26 AUG 1639 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1625 to Anne Convent (1605-1675)
• 1636, Coureur de bois near Trois-Rivières.

Mathieu Amiot (Amyot) Sieur de Villeneuve (1628-1688) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Philippe Amiot (Amyot) dit Villeneuve (1602-1639) and Anne Convent (1605-1675)
Birth 23 MAY 1628 • Estrees, Soissons, Ile-de-France, France
Death 18 DEC 1688 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1650 to Marie Catherine Miville (1632-1702)
• 1640s, Interpreter and fur trader for the Jesuits in the Huron country.

Jean Mignault dit Chatillon (1622-1680) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Nicolas Mignault (1600-1648) and Madeleine DeBrie (1600-1648)
Birth 20 APR 1622 • Nanterre, Hauts-de-Seine, Ile-de-France, France
Death 1680 • Montmorency, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1648 to Louise Cloutier (1632-1699)
• 1648, Governor Montmagny sent Jean Mignault to the (le pays des Hurons) "Huron's Country" to invite them to the fur trade.

Philippe Foubert (1616-1661) (10th great-grandfather)
son of Robert Foubert (1596-1684) and Claude Poulain (1600-1684)
BIRTH 1616 • Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
DEATH 23 DEC 1661 • Champlain, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1639 to Jeffine Riviere (1605-1681)
• 1649, Sep 12 -- engagement of Philippe Foubert to Charles Sevestre. Charles Sevestre was a clerk in the fur trade monopoly company's storehouse at Quebec, and eventually the general manager of the storehouse. He was also financier and outfitter for investors and traders based at Quebec, Trois-Rivières, and Montreal.

Denis Duquet (1605-1675) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Joseph Duquet and Jeanne Barbie
Birth ABT 1605 • La Rochelle, Aunis, France
Death 26 NOV 1675 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1638 to Catherine Gautier (1625-1702)
• 1659, member of the "Traite de Tadoussac," the first fur-trading post in European North America (established in 1600, eight years before the founding of Québec City).

Charles Boyer (1631-1698) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Pierre Boyer (1610-1660) and Denise Refence (1610-1666)
Birth 1631 • Vançais, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
Death 16 FEB 1698 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Married 1666 to Marguerite Ténard (1645-1678)
• 1660s, ten members of the Boyer family, including his son Antoine Boyer (husband of Marie Perras) are listed on 31 voyageur trips. These lists do not include the trips these same men made on their own as coureurs des bois.

Charles Diel dit Le Petit Breton (1652-1702) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Philippe Diel (1618-1676) and Marie Anquetin (Hanquetin) (1630-_)
Birth BEFORE 1652 • Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
Death 13 APR 1702 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1676 to Marie Anne Picard (1663-1697)
• 1665, arrived in New France as a soldier in the La Fouille Company of the Carignan-Salières Regiment.
• 1677, voyageur with Frontenac at Fort Frontenac
• 1684, Leger Hebert of Cap de la Trinite has a trade permit and hires Charles to go to the Outaouais (Ottawas) country with Pierre Lefebvre and Antoine Caille on 20 September 1684 for the sum of 630 livres.

Andre Robidou dit Lespagnol (1643-1678) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Manuel Robidou (1620-1667) and Catherine Alve (1618-1667)
BIRTH 1643 • Galice, Burgos, Castilla-Leon, Spain
DEATH 1 APR 1678 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1667 to Jeanne Denote (1647-1701)
• 1666, working as a voyageur for Eustace Lambert, a prominent fur trader.

François Pinsonneau dit Lafleur (1646-1731) (7th great-grandfather)
parents unknown
Birth 1646 • Saintogne, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
Death 26 JAN 1731 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine (Notre-Dame-de-La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine), Québec
Marriage 1673 to Anne LeBer (Leper) (1647-1732) (a King's Daughter - filles du roi)
• a soldier in the Saint-Ours Company of the Carignan-Salières Regiment, arrived on the ship La Justice 14 September 1665.

Jean Baptiste Desroches (1621-1684) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Jean Antoine Desroches (1585-1652) and Antoinette Unknown (1585-_)
Birth 1621 • Le Bois, Haute-Loire, Auvergne, France
Death 23 AUG 1684 • Pointe Aux Tembles, Montreal, Canada
Marriage 1647 to Francoise Godé (Gaudet) (1631-1715)
• 1667, formed a trading company with Nicolas Perrot, Toussaint Baudry, and Isaac Nafrechoux. Together they traveled west to Ottawa Country, and to Green Bay in 1668.

André Mignier (Meunier) dit Lagacé (1641-1727) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Michel Mignier Lagace (1602-1678) and Catherine Masson (1620-1669)
Birth 11 APR 1641 • St Martin, Puy-de-Dome, Auvergne, France
Death 20 NOVEMBER 1727 • Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1668 to Jacquette Michel (1630-1710) (a King's Daughter - filles du roi)
• a French Sharpshooter in the Berthier Company of the Carignan-Salières Regiment, arrived on the ship Le Brézé 30 June 1665.

Pierre Peras (Perras) dit La Fontaine (1616-1684) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Pierre Perras (1590-1660) and Jeanne Lanier (1595-1660)
Birth 21 AUGUST 1616 • Rouen, de la Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
Death 30 APR 1684 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine (Notre-Dame-de-La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine), Québec
Marriage 1660 to Denise Lemaitre (1635-1691)
• 1670s, Pierre, his three sons and sons-in-laws involved in the fur trade as Coureurs des bois.

Pierre Poupart (1653-1699) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Jean Poupart (1625-1682) and Marguerite Frichet (1625-1682)
Birth ABT 1653 • Bobigny, Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Death 7 JUN 1699 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1682 to Marguerite Perras dit La Fontaine (1665-1708)
• 1670, Voyageur for Daumont de Saint-Lusson and Nicolas Perrot when they claimed the Great Lakes for France.

Francois Leber (Lebert) (1626-1694) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Robert LeBer (1601-1625) and Colette Cavelier (1605-1694)
Birth 1626 • Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
Death 19 MAY 1694 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage (1) to BEF 1656 to Marguerite Leseur (1628-1662) (2) 1662 to Jeanne Testard
(1642-1723) (8th great-grandmother)
• 1688, voyageur to Ottawa Country.

Francois Bourassa (1659-1708) (7th great-grandfather)
son of Francois Bourassa (1630-1684) and Marguerite Dugas (1635-1698)
Birth 1659 • Luçon, Eure-et-Loir, Centre, France
Death 9 MAY 1708 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine (Notre-Dame-de-La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine), Montréal
Marriage 1668 to Marie Le Ber (1666-1756)
Francois Bourassa and his three sons: Rene Bourassa dit LaRonde (1688-1778), Francois Joachim Bourassa (1698-1775), and Antoine Bourassa (1705-1780), were known as "the fathers of the fur trade."
• 1686, François Bourassa made a voyage to Hudson Bay for the Compagnie du Nord.
• 1688, René Legardeur, sieur de Beauvais, hired François Bourassa and Joachim Jacques Leber to make a voyage des 8ta8ats (Ottawa Indians).
• 1690 René Legardeur hired Pierre Bourdeau, André Babeu, François Bourassa, and Joachim Leber for a voyage to Michilimackinac.
• 1690, Pierre Bourdeau consented to a debt for merchandise from André Babeau, Joachim Leber, and François Bourassa, voyageurs, for their voyage to the Ottawa.

Jean Duquet dit Desrochers (1651-1710) (7th great-grandfather)
son of Denis Duquet (1605-1675) and Catherine Gautier (1625-1702)
Birth 1651 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Death 20 AUG 1710 • Lauzon, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1683 to Catherine-Ursule Amiot (1664-1715)
• 1680s "bourgeois" - headman of a fur brigade to pays d’en haut.

Jacques Deneau (Deniau) dit Destaillis (1660-1720) (7th great-grandfather)
son of Marin Deneau dit Destaillis (1621-1678) and Louise Therese LeBreuil (1634-1727)
Birth 2 NOV 1660 • Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Death 29 JUN 1720 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1690 to Marie Rivet (1673-1705)
• 1685, Antoine Bazinet hired Charles Deniau dit Destaillis for a voyage to Sault Ste. Marie . Notary Bourgine.
• 1688, 5 July, Claude Greysolon, Sieur de LaTourette, hired Charles Deniau and Jacques Deniau for a trip to the 8ta8ois (Ottawa Indians). Notary Antoine Adhémar.
• from: Minnesota, eh? -- Jacques Deneau, his brother Charles and a total of 19 Deneau family members are listed on 69 voyageur trips.

Gabriel Lemieux (1626-1700) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Louis Lemieux (1600-1665) and Marie Luguan (1600-1669)
Birth 10 APR 1626 • Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
Death 2 DEC 1700 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1658 to Marguerite Leboeuf (1636-1671)
• 1690, Voyageur and courier de bois to Michilimackinac and Sault Ste. Marie.

Antoine Jacques Boyer (1671-1747) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Charles Boyer (1631-1698) and Marguerite Ténard (1645-1678)
Birth 10 APR 1671 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Death 27 MAR 1747 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1690 to Marie Perras (1673-1736)
• 1690, Coureur de bois who bought land with 600 livres from the sale of beaver pelts.
• 1694, Charles Legardeur, sieur de L’Isle, hired Antoine Boyer to make a voyage to the 8ta8ois (Ottawa Indians).

Jean Cusson (1630-1718) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Jean Cusson (1605-1656) and Jacqueline Pepin (1606-1663)
Birth 1630-11-11 • Ste-Marguerite, Rouen, Normandie, France
Death 1718-04-08 • St-Sulpice, Québec, Canada
Marriage 1656 to Marie Foubert (1640-1715)
• Jean Cusson had six sons, Jean, Michel, Charles, Ange, Nicolas and Joseph who were all active as fur-traders from 1690 to 1713. All having all received permission to travel to the west.
• 1690, Voyageur for Nicolas Perrot to the 8ta8ois (Ottawa Indians)
• 1704, July 4, Jean Cusson's engagement to Jean Baptiste Bissot de Vincennes to go to the land of the Outaouais. Notary Michel Lepallieur.

Moïse Dupuis (Depuis) (1673-1750) (7th great-grandfather)
son of Francois Dupuis (Dupays) (1634-1681) and Georgette Richer(1647-1799)
Birth 10 JULY 1673 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Death 19 JAN 1750 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1699 to Marie Anne Christiansen (1676-1750)
• 1692, courier de bois and trader at Schenectady, NY)
• from "Narratives and ldentities in the Saint Lawrence Valley, 1667-1720": He was linked to large fur trading families, and may have been among the French who attacked Schenectady in 1692." He seems to have remained in Schenectady, either as a trader, a wounded soldier or as a prisoner, long enough to find a spouse.

Jacques Hugues Picard (1618-1707) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Gabriel Picard dit LaFortune (1590-1660) and Michelle Clavier (1598-1660)
Birth ABT 1618 • St Columbin, Nantes, Bretagne, France
Death 22 DEC 1707 • Our Lady of Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1660 to Antoinette Liercourt (1634-1707)
• 1693, Eustache Prévost, Jean Sauviot, and their unnamed associates hired Jacques Picard o make a voyage to the 8ta8ois (Ottawa Indians), notary Antoine Adhémar.

Gabriel Lemieux (1663-1739) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Gabriel Lemieux (1626-1700) and Marguerite Leboeuf (1636-1671)
Birth 4 SEP 1663 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Death 18 SEP 1739 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1690 to Jeanne Robidoux (1673-1736)
• 1690, Voyageur and courier de bois to Michilimackinac and Sault Ste. Marie.
• 1692, Aug 9, Engagement by Joachim Germano, Notary Antoine Adhemar dit Saint-Martin.
• more from: Michigan’s Habitant Heritage (MHH), Vol. 35, #2, April 2014 - 17th Century Engagé Contracts to the Great Lakes and Beyond - 15 June 1690 to 23 May 1695 - Part 2: Above: "19 August 1692, Joachim Germaneau hired Gabriel Lemieux and Laurent Glory dit LaBrière to make a voyage to the 8ta8ois (Ottawa Indians) specifically to Michilimackinac and Sault Ste. Marie [Antoine Adhémar].
• 1734, May 28, Ustache Gamelin hired Gabriel Lemieux voyageur to go to poste des associe [Kamanistigouia???], notary Lepailleur de LaFerté)
• 1737, May 6, Engagement de Gabriel Lemieux à Charles Ruet Dauteuil pour faire le voyage au Détroit. Notary Lepallieur.

Part 2 - 1700s

Jean Baptiste Moreau (1657-1727) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Jean Moreau (1635-1710) and Catherine Leroux (1635-1689)
Birth ABT 1657 • Parthenay, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
Death 25 AUG 1727 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1692 to Marie Anne Rodrigue (1673-1720)
• 1703, hired by Compagnie de la Colonie du Canada as a voyageur to go to Detroit via Lake Erie. Notary Adhémar.
• 1704, Jul 28, Engagement de Anthoine Pinard, de la Baye S'-Anthoine sur le lac S'-Pierre, Pierre Benoist dit La forest, des Trois-Rivières, An th. Salvay, de Saurel, René Beaujean, Pierre Desautels, de S'-Martin en cette île, Pierre Bou-gret Dufort, de Boucherville, Pierre Le Boeuf, de cette ville, Robert Rivard, Charles Le Scieur, Joseph Moreau, Jean Moreau, Franc. Frigon, Joseph Couturier, An th. Thunay Dufresne, Julien Le Scieur, Mathurin et Simon Rouillard, Joseph Rivard,
de Batiscan, Louis Baribau, Ignace Guyon, Jean et Charles Ricard, Edmond Roy Chatellereau, Pierre Richer, de S'«-Anne, Anthoine Donnay, Pierre et Denys Bour-gerie, François Robert, Robert Lafontaine, Jacques et François de Noyons, Pierre Puybarreau de Boucherville, Albert Bosne Lafranchise de La Chine, Gaspard Maignan de Mouille Pied, Pierre Edeline, Jean Cadieux, de Longueuil, Jacques Cardinal, de la Coste S'-Pierre en cette lie, Adrien Senécal de Varennes,
Pierre Mauriceau, de Repentigny, Jean David, de la Rivière Becancourt, Paul Dumouchel, Toussaint Dardenne, Jean et Jacques Campot, Pierre Garro Xaintonge, Jacques Vaudry, de cette ville, Michel Messier, Allexandre Petit du Cap S'-Michel, Jean Tousignan Lapointe, Ignace Le May, de Losbinières, Pierre Guignard Dollone, de Lanoray, Jacques Lemelin, des Grondines, Louis Fafart, Estienne Bosne, Jean Mandeville, de Berthier, Joseph Sarrasin, de Charlebourg, Pierre Villier, de Québec.
• 1716 Apr 30, Nicolas Perttuis hired Jean Moreau voyageur de Batiscan to go to Michilimackinac. Notary Adhemar.
• 1717, May 18, Engagement de Jean Moreau à Paul Guillet pour faire le voyage à
Michilimackinac. Notary Adhemar.
• 1718, May 22, Engagement de François Neveu et Jean Moreau à Paul Guillet pour faire le voyage à Michilimackinac. Notary Adhemar.

Pierre Gagne (Gagnier) (1645-1726) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Pierre Gagne (Gasnier) (1610-1656) and Marguerite Roset (Rouzee) (1615-1685)
Birth 24 FEB 1645 • Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France
Death 26 MAR 1726 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Québec
Marriage 1670 to Catherine Daubigeon (1653-1712)
• 1712, Jean Baptiste Forestier hired Pierre Gagné to make a voyage to Détroit. Notary Antoine Adhémar.

Charles Diel (1688-1734) (7th great-grandfather)
son of Charles Diel dit Le Petit Breton (1652-1702) and Marie Anne Picard (1663-1697)
Birth 5 AUG 1688 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Death 21 JUN 1734 • Chambly, Quebec, Canada
Marriage (1) 1716 to Jeanne Boyer (1694-1730) (7th great-grandmother) (2) 1732 to Marguerite Robert (1683-1766)
• 1713, Gilles Lecours and Charles Cusson hired Charles Diel to make a voyage to Détroit. Notary Antoine Adhémar.
• 1718, May 28, Pierre Roy hired Charles Diel to make a voyage to Détroit.

Jacques Pinsonneau dit Lafleur (1682-1773) (6th great-grandfather)
son of François Pinsonneau dit Lafleur (1646-1731) and Anne LeBer (1647-1732)
Birth 13 APR 1682 • Contrecoeur, Quebec, Canada
Death 22 MAR 1773 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1712 to Marie Elisabeth Bourassa (1695-1766)
• Given the family connection to the fur trade it is likely he was a Coureurs des bois.

Joseph Poupart (1696-1726) (7th great-grandfather)
son of Pierre Poupart (1653-1699) and Marguerite Perras dit La Fontaine (1665-1708)
Birth 8 JUN 1696 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Death 16 APR 1726 • Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1724 to Marie Anne Lemieux (1706-1777)
• 1715, Mar 5, Engagement de Charles Le Gardeur à Joseph Poupart pour faire le voyage à Michilimackinac. Notary Adhémar. 1715, March, Engagement of Charles Le Gardeur to Joseph Poupart to make the trip to Michilimackinac-Study Adhémar.
• 1723, August 27, Charles Chesne hired Joseph Poupart voyageur de La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, to go to Détroit, Notary Adhémar.

Louis Courville Barrette (Baret) (1717-1753) (6th great-grandfather)
son of Guillaume Barrette (1678-1745) and Jeanne Gagné (1683-1719)
Birth 24 FEB 1717 • Napierville, Quebec, Canada
Death 30 JAN 1753 • St Constant, La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1741 to Marie Josephe Poupart (1725-1799)
• father and brother of voyageurs.

Francois Moise Dupuis (1709-1764) (6th great-grandfather)
son of Moise Dupuis (Depuis) (1673-1750) and Marie Anne Christiansen (1676-1750)
Birth 14 FEB 1709 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Death 19 SEP 1764 • St-Philippe, La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1733 to Marie Anne Roy (1712-1750)
• 1752, Jun 2, Nicolas Volant hired Francois Dupuis voyageur de La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine to go to Michilimackinac. Notary Adhemar.

Etienne Duquet dit Desrochers (1694-1762) (6th great-grandfather)
son of Jean Duquet dit Desrochers (1651-1710) and Catherine-Ursule Amiot (1664-1715)
Birth 15 MAR 1694 • Lauzon, Quebec, Canada
Death 1762 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine (Notre-Dame-de-La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine), Québec
Marriage 1722 to Marie-Françoise Deneau dit Destaillis (1698-1737)
• 1751, Jun 4, Igance Bourassa hired Étienne Duquet voyageur de La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine to go to Michilimackinac, notary Adhemar.
• 1752, Jun 9, Francois Daguilhe hired Étienne Duquet voyageur de La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine to go to Michilimackinac, notary Danré Blanzy.
• 1753, Apr 13, Toussaints Pothier hired Étienne Duquet voyageur de La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, gouvernail, to go to Michilimackinac, notary Danré Blanzy.

Joseph Pinsonneau (Pinsono) (1733-1779) (5th great-grandfather)
son of Jacques Pinsonneau dit Lafleur (1682-1773) and Marie Elisabeth Bourassa (1695-1766)
Birth 10 APR 1733 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Death AFTER 1779 • Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1761 to Marie Madeleine Duquet (1734-1791)
• 1763, April 29, Engagement of Joseph Pinsonneault dit Lafleur, as a voyageur, to Michel Laselle, a Montreal merchant. Notary Hadiesne.

Pierre Barette dit Courville (1748-1794) (5th great-grandfather)
son of Louis Courville Barrette (Baret) (1717-1753) and Marie Josephe Poupart (1725-1799)
Birth 2 FEB 1748 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada
Death 31 JAN 1794 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, Québec
Marriage 1772 to Marie Anne Dupuis (Dupuy) (1753-1807)
• 1778, engagement de Pierre Barette" aux S" William G Jean Kay pour aller Fort Michilimackinac. Notary P. Lalanne, flls.

Jean-Baptiste Mignier (Meunier) Lagasse (Lagace) (1749-1828) (5th great-grandfather)
son of Joseph Mignier (Meunier) Lagace (1706-1778) and Felicite Caouette (Cahouet) (1709-1783)
Birth ABT 1749 • Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière
Death 15 SEP 1828 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1775 to Marie Judith Gravel Brindeliere (1757-1779)
• 1778, Ezechiel Solomon hired Jean-Baptiste Meunier, voyageur de La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine de la Magdeleine to go to Mississippi, and spend the winter, Notary Antoine Foucher.
• 1794, Jean-Baptiste Meunier and his partner, Jacques Rolland, established trading house near a village of the Ponca Indians on the Missouri River.
• 1800, James & Andrew McGill hired Jean-Baptiste Meunier voyageur de Chambly to go to Mississippi, and spend the winter, notary Louis Chaboillez.

Gabriel Pinsonneau (1770-1807) (4th great-grandfather)
son of Joseph Pinsonneau (Pinsono) (1733-1779) and Marie Madeleine Duquet (1734-1791)
Birth 5 AUG 1770 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine (St Philippe), Quebec, Canada
Death 19 AUG 1807 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine (Notre-Dame), Québec
Marriage 1802 to Marie-Louise Vielle (1780-1813)
• 1797, August 11, Engagement of Gabriel Pinsonneau, of La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine, to Jacques & François Lasette to go to Detroit. Notary Louis Chaboillez.

Part 3 - 1800s

Jean-Baptiste Meunier (Mignier, Minier) Lagasse (Lagace) (1776-1835) (4th great-grandfather)
son of Jean-Baptiste Mignier (Meunier) Lagasse (Lagace) (1749-1828) and Marie Judith Gravel Brindeliere (1757-1779)
Birth 24 APR 1776 • Terrebonne, Quebec, Canada
Death BEFORE 1835 • St-Laurent (St-Laurent), Québec
Marriage 1799 to Marie Angelique Baret (Barette) dit Courville (1779-1815)
• 1800, Feb 14, James & Andrew McGill hired Jean-Baptiste Meunier voyageur de Chambly to go to Mississippi, and spend the winter, notary Louis Chaboillez.
1803, Oct 6, McTavish, Frobisher & Co. (North West Company) hired Jean-Baptiste Meunier voyageur de St-André-d’Argenteuil to go to Lac De La Pluie (Rainy Lake), notary Louis Chaboillez). From the Archives of Quebec. Notes: Go through Michilimakinac if required, make two trips from Kamanatiguià Fort to Portage de la Montagne, and give six days of drudgery, and help carry the three canoes in the land.

Gabriel Pinsonneau (1803-1877) (3rd great-grandfather) (aka: Gilbert Passino)
son of Gabriel Pinsonneau (1770-1807) and Marie-Louise Vielle (1780-1813)
Birth 3 MAR 1803 • La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine (Notre-Dame-de-La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine-de-la-Madeleine), Quebec
Death 16 DEC 1877 • Wilna, Jefferson Co., NY, USA
Marriage 1824 to Marie Emélie (Mary) Meunier Lagassé (1808-1883)
• emigrated to Vineyard, Grand Isle (Isle Le Motte), Vermont before 1830, and may have traded furs to supplement farming income.
• may have been in New Orleans in 1840, but he settled in Wilna, New York before 1850.