Sunday, August 2, 2020

Job Plimpton (6th great-grandfather) and the capture Fortress Louisbourg



Job Plimpton (1718–1797) our 6th great-grandfather
BIRTH 1 MAY 1718 • Medfield, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States
DEATH 18 MAR 1797 • Medway, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States
Marriage 19 Feb 1743 in Medway, Norfork, Massachusetts to Esther Pond (1723–1797)
Job served under Nathaniel Whitting during the capture Fortress Louisbourg from the French in 1745.


Siege of Louisbourg (1745)
The Siege of Louisbourg took place in 1745 when a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the British colonies.
The northern British colonies regarded Louisbourg as a menace, calling it the "American Dunkirk" due to its use as a base for privateers. There was regular, intermittent warfare between the French and the Wabanaki Confederacy on one side and the northern New England colonies on the other (See the Northeast Coast Campaigns of 1688, 1703, 1723, 1724). For the French, the Fortress of Louisbourg also protected the chief entrance to Canada, as well as the nearby French fisheries. The French government had spent 25 years in fortifying it, and the cost of its defenses was reckoned at thirty million livres.
Although the fortress's construction and layout was acknowledged as having superior seaward defences, a series of low rises behind them made it vulnerable to a land attack. The low rises provided attackers places to erect siege batteries. The fort's garrison was poorly paid and supplied, and its inexperienced leaders mistrusted them. The colonial attackers were also lacking in experience, but ultimately succeeded in gaining control of the surrounding defences. The defenders surrendered in the face of an imminent assault.
Source above: Wikipedia


In 1771, Job Plimpton was promoted to Captain and led the 2d Medway Company in the Revolutionary War for Massachusetts.
Also serving in the same company (see above) were:

Ichabod Hawes (1719–1777) another 6th great-grandfather
BIRTH 18 SEP 1719 • Wrentham, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, USA
DEATH 18 DEC 1777 • Medway, Norfolk, MA

Ichabod was a gunsmith and had a forge and trip-hammer worked by water power just west of the Bent sawmill. He also served in the Revolutionary War for Massachusetts.

Samuel Fisher (1685–1769) 7th great-grandfather
BIRTH 29 SEP 1685 • Wrentham, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States
DEATH 19 JAN 1769 • Wrentham, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States

Benjamin Rocket (Rockwood)(1651–1747) 8th great-grandfather

BIRTH 8 SEP 1651 • Medfield, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States

DEATH 5 DEC 1747 • Medfield, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States



Friday, July 10, 2020

JAMES BABCOCK AND HISTORICAL ANTECEDENTS TO OUR SECOND AMENDMENT


James Babcock (1612-1679) our 10th great-grandfather was born 1612, in Essex County, England, and was admitted an inhabitant of the town of Portsmouth, Rhode Island on February 25, 1642. His occupation was a blacksmith and gunsmith.

On October 5, 1642, James Babcock and Richard Moris were ordered "to look up all the armes in the Towne within the month above writ," and "to mend any which were defective for use." Owners were to forfeit five shillings if they failed to bring the arms in time. 


Again on May 23, 1650, it was ordered that Captaine Richard Morris, George Blisse, James Badcock, Peter Busserole, William and Gabriel Hick, all excuses sett aparte shall mende and make all lockes, stockes and pieces byat by order from the warden of each Towne shall be from any of the inhabitants thereof presented to them, for a just and suitable satisfaction in hand payd without delay under the penaltie of ten pounds, to be levied by distraint from the head officer to the use of the sayd Towne's milittia. 

It is ordered that all men that have gunns and pieces to mend, and have need to have them mended for their present defense, shall forthwith according to order carrie those pieces to mende upon paine of forfeiting ten shillings a piece, which shall be levied by distraint from the head officer of the Towne to the use of the sayed Towne's militia." The order goes on to describe the contents of the town magazine required by law.

ARMED AND READY: THE PURITAN TRADITION OF BRINGING GUNS TO SERVICES


For many years after the settlement of New England the Puritans, even in outwardly tranquil times, went armed to meeting; and to sanctify the Sunday gun-loading they were expressly forbidden to fire off their charges at any object on that day save an Indian or a wolf, their two "greatest inconveniencies." Trumbull, in his "Mac Fingal," Avrites thus in jest of this custom of Sunday arm-bearing:

  "So once, for fear of Indian beating,
  Our grandsires bore their guns to meeting,--
  Each man equipped on Sunday morn
  With psalm-book, shot, and powder-horn,
  And looked in form, as all must grant,
  Like the ancient true church militant."

In 1640 it was ordered in Massachusetts that in every township the attendants at church should carry a "competent number of peeces, fixed and compleat with powder and shot and swords every Lords-day to the meeting-house;" one armed man from each household was then thought advisable and necessary for public safety. In 1642 six men with muskets and powder and shot were thought sufficient for protection for each church. In Connecticut similar mandates were issued, and as the orders were neglected "by divers persones," a law was passed in 1643 that each offender should forfeit twelve pence for each offence. 


In 1644 a fourth part of the "trayned hand" was obliged to come armed each Sabbath, and the sentinels were ordered to keep their matches constantly lighted for use in their match-locks. They were also commanded to wear armor, which consisted of "coats basted with cotton-wool, and thus made defensive against Indian arrows." In 1650 so much dread and fear were felt of Sunday attacks from the red men that the Sabbath-Day guard was doubled in number. 

In 1692, the Connecticut Legislature ordered one fifth of the soldiers in each town to come armed to each meeting, and that nowhere should be present as a guard at time of public worship fewer than eight soldiers and a sergeant. In Hadley the guard was allowed annually from the public treasury a pound of lead and a pound of powder to each soldier.

From: The Sabbath in Puritan New England


Thursday, June 4, 2020

MOHAWK ED — FAMILY HISTORY OR JUST A GOOD TALL TALE?


Edmund Hawes, Sr -- Mohawk Ed -- (1597–1655) 10th great-grandfather
BIRTH APR 1597 • Solihull, Warwickshire, England
DEATH ABT. 1655 • Dedham, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony

Edmund Hawes came to New Amsterdam, afterwards called New York, the year after the Dutch settled there.
He was a stone mason. His partner was a Dutchman. In Holland these two had been working together for some time. They were employed by the Dutch to come to the New World and assist in construction.

The Dutch West India Company established a fur trading post in New Amsterdam in 1614. At that time there were many Puritans in Holland, driven there from England by religious persecution.

Both of these stone masons brought their wives. After the construction work was done, the Dutchman and his wife returned to Holland. Edmund and his wife remained in New York where Edmund accepted employment with the company as a fur trader.


He seems to have understood Indians from the start. "Squitum Waw Waw Ool Kaw," or Indian words something similar, was his Indian name. The words meant, something to the effect of "the man who makes jumping soldiers."

He used to make little jumping jacks for the Indian children, and in the forests he would gather a few sticks here and there for later use, or would stop and work a little on one of his toys.

The Dutchmen thought Edmund strange, the Indians thought him crazy. Edmund himself probably thought it was a slick way to avoid arrows, war clubs and scalping knives. I know it was, for Indians never injure anyone they believe insane.

Edmund and his wife had one child born in New York, a boy. His wife died from the effects of childbirth, and Edmund placed his boy in charge of a squaw, superintended to a considerable extent by a friendly Dutch family. He named the boy Edmund.

He continued to trade with the Indians and was successful. After the boy was able to get about on his own legs, Edmund's trading trips increased in length.


On one such trip he was gone all winter. This time he went as far as the great falls between two great lakes. (This would have to be Niagara Falls, between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, and not so long after their discovery by the Frenchman who received renown for it.)

Edmund accumulated some money trading for the Dutch.

Finally he heard of the Pilgrim settlement at Plymouth. Later he and his son went to Boston on an English ship which had been blown far off its course to Boston, and which made the port of New York to refit before proceeding to Boston. They arrived in Boston in the early summer of 1635. (This would compare with the date of June 3, 1635, given by one history, also the year other authorities have given; and it would account for his name not being on any passenger list from England.

Edmund and his son lived in Boston and later Dedham until the son made up his mind to marry. A girl named Eliony Lumber (Lombard) was what is called a bound girl. Her people had placed her as security for a debt, which meant she must work out at small wages if she lived long enough.

Old Edmund bought the contract, and left her free to marry his son, which she did at Dedham. Old Edmund then outfitted for a trading trip to the Indians.

He hoped to reach the Mohawks again...but was never heard from afterwards.



Tuesday, February 11, 2020

CHATSWORTH MOVIES — updated links



When I started writing this blog back in October 2011, my goal was to leave for my grandsons the answers to questions I wished I had asked my granddad...

During my life I've been a soldier, a home builder, a cowboy folk artist, a community activist, a movie historian, and a genealogist.

This blog is about all my life's passions: horses, canoeing, trout fishing, cowboy folk art, Western movies, family history, and especially fur trade history.




CHATSWORTH MOVIES are the most popular posts, so I decided to add a page with links to the most visited posts:

Films of Boulder Pass - A Comprehensive List of — Chatsworth, California — movies
https://a-drifting-cowboy.blogspot.com/2018/11/films-of-boulder-pass-comprehensive-list.html






Reel Cowboys, Cowgirls, etc -- Chatsworth's Six-Gun Heroes
https://a-drifting-cowboy.blogspot.com/2018/11/reel-cowboys-cowgirls-etc-chatsworths.html




Chatsworth Equine Cultural Heritage Organization's Parting Gift
https://a-drifting-cowboy.blogspot.com/2017/04/chatsworth-equine-cultural-heritage.html




 MY OTHER BLOG: LA PRAIRIE VOYAGEUR CANOES… is about Fur Trade History as it relates to my family heritage and legacy.
http://laprairie-voyageur-canoes.blogspot.com/2017/10/ripples-from-la-prairie-voyageur-canoes.html



ABOUT ME






Yours truly, 2nd from left, Glenfed Development Corp., 1989



If you share my passion for canoeing here are links to older posts…
https://a-drifting-cowboy.blogspot.com/2012/12/fishing-and-canoeing-tales.html

Or, for newer posts, SEARCH: 1st, find the magnifying glass icon at the top left of this page; 2nd, type in keywords like canoeing, paddling, river, etc





Before you leave, let's take one last gallop across Chatsworth's Boulder Pass...

Checkout my website at http://www.cowboyup.com/

Adios, until we meet again



Tuesday, January 28, 2020

King Charles II and the Hudson’s Bay Company



On May 2, 1670, King Charles II granted the Royal Charter to the “Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson Bay” (aka Hudson’s Bay Company) and appointed his cousin, Prince Rupert, as the first Governor of the Company.

At the time of its founding, many of the original shareholders of the Company were senior figures in Charles’s government. 

An interesting charter term set by Charles was the Rent Ceremony: a requirement of a periodic rent of two beaver and two elk in the unlikely event of the Sovereign visiting Rupert’s Land.

I recently acquired a copy of a KING CHARLES II (1660-1685), SILVER PRESENTATION MEDAL c 1683 on a very old trade bead necklace (see photos below).

On this sumptuous silver medal, Charles wears classical armor as if he were an ancient Roman emperor and is wigged in the elaborate style made fashionable by the absolute monarch, Louis XIV.

The inscription on the medal’s front (obverse), “King, by the grace of God” and on the reverse’s royal coat of arms “God and my right” allude to the divine right of kings.

Inscriptions


Obverse:
-Inscription in upper margin: CAROL[us] . II D[ei] . G[ratia] . ANGL[iae] . SCOT[iae] . FRAN[ciae] . ET .
HIB[erniae] . REX . (CHARLES II KING OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, FRANCE AND IRELAND BY THE GRACE OF GOD.)



Reverse:
-Inscription on Order of the Garter: HONI . SOIT MAL Y PENSE (Spurned be the one who thinks evil)
-Inscription on ribbon in exergue: DIEU . ET . MON . DROIT (God and my right)

After his Restoration to the throne of England, Charles II (b. 1630; r. 1660-80) governed under a constitution with an elected parliament. Charles nonetheless promoted the monarchy’s centrality and prestige by having the imagery on his coins and medals project royal power.

I BELIEVE IT’S HIGHLY LIKELY SOME OF THESE MEDALS WERE PRESENTED TO ORIGINAL SHAREHOLDERS OF THE COMPANY OF ADVENTURERS OF ENGLAND TRADING INTO HUDSON BAY. 

Perhaps some of them also found their way into the hands of First Nations People in Canada.




Tuesday, January 14, 2020

OUR WYNGAERT FAMILY OF DUTCH FUR TRADERS



GENERATION 1

LUYKAS GERRITSE WYNGAERT was an Albany mainstay during the last half of the seventeenth century. He was known as "Luykas Gerritse."




His wife was Anna Van Hoesen with whom he had at least nine children. He was a member of the Albany Dutch church.

In 1679, his name was included on a census of Albany householders. In 1681, he joined with other Albany burghers in a petition regarding the FUR TRADE. Over the years, he subscribed to several similar, community-based documents.

Nominally a baker, he probably used that talent to have TRADEABLE COMMODITIES with which to barter for furs. After holding a number of service titles, he was elected assistant alderman for the second ward - first in 1686. He sat on the city council for portions of three decades. In 1702, his first ward home was valued on the city assessment roll.

In 1697, his Albany household included two other adult men in a community where most living units were nuclear.

At the end of October in 1709, Luykas Gerritse Wyngaert filed a joint will with his wife. It named two sons and mentioned seven other children.

In 1720, the name of Luykas Wyngaert appeared on a list of freeholders living in Albany's first ward. The name "Luycas Gerritse Wyngaert" was included on the list of first ward freeholders as late as 1742. He then would have died sometime thereafter.

SOURCE:  http://exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov//albany/bios/bioindex.html#w




NOTE: His father-in-law was Jan Fransse Van Hoesen (1608–1665) our 9th great-grandfather; born 11 NOV 1608 in Husum, Nordfriesland, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany; died 29 NOV 1665 in Albany, Albany County, New York, USA.  






GENERATION 2

Jacobus Luycasse was probably was born during the 1670s. He was the son of Luykas Gerritse and Anna Van Hoesen. Later, his family would be known as Wyngaert.

In 1699, he joined his Albany neighbors in swearing allegiance to the king of England. After that, he signed a number of other community-based documents. In 1709, his third ward house was assessed modestly. In 1720, he was identified as a freeholder living in the third ward.

In 1716, he contracted with the city to "set up stockadoes."

In November 1700, he married Maria Quackenbush at the Albany Dutch church. By 1721, nine children had been christened in Albany.

Jacobus Luycasse Wyngaert died in September 1727 and was buried in the churchyard. Several of his children became Albany residents. His widow may have survived into the 1750s.

GENERATION 3




Johannes Wyngaert was born in May of 1703. He was the eldest son born to the marriage of Jacob Luycasse and Maria Quackenbush Wyngaert. He grew up in a large family in a modest third ward home. His father died in 1727 leaving twenty-four-year-old Johannes as the man of the family.

In November 1725, he married Maria "Huyser" at the Albany Dutch church. By 1738, eight children had been christened at the Albany church.

Johannes Wyngaert was a cooper who raised his family in modest homes in the second and then first wards. In 1724, he was named constable for the second ward. At a number of times, he delivered firewood for city use and served on the night watch. In 1757, he owned a house on the south side of the Ruttenkill. He was counted among Albany's freeholders in 1742 and 1763 and his holdings were valued modestly on city assessment rolls.

Without younger Johannes Wyngaerts immediately apparent on the community landscape, this individual may have lived into the 1790s. Asessment rolls continued to value his holdings as late as 1788. The census of 1790 for the first ward of Albany includes the household of "Johannes Wyngardt" in a likely location.

In September 1793 or '94, a notice for the pall and hearse for "John Wyngart" appeared in the manuscript burial records of the Albany Dutch church. This Johannes Wyngaert would have been in his nineties at that time.

ALSO SEE: List of Fur Traders: http://exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov//albany/lists/list1660.html

LINEAGE:

Lucas Gerritse(Luykas) Wyngaart (Wyngaert) "Luykas Gerritse" 1645-1709 -- 8th great-grandfather

Jacobus Lucasze (Luycasse) Wyngaard (Wyngaert) 1675-1727 -- Son of Lucas Gerritse(Luykas) Wyngaart (Wyngaert) "Luykas Gerritse"

Abraham Wyngaart (Winegard) 1705-_ -- Son of Jacobus Lucasze (Luycasse) Wyngaard (Wyngaert)

Peter (Pieter) Wyngaart (Wyngart) (Winegard) DNA proven 1741-1790 -- Son of Abraham Wyngaart (Winegard)

James Winegard 1785-1868 -- Son of Peter (Pieter) Wyngaart (Wyngart) (Winegard) DNA proven

Charity Winegard (Weingand) 1819-1874 -- Daughter of James Winegard

Charles Henry Plympton 1845-1925 -- Son of Charity Winegard (Weingand)

Geneva (Neva) Plympton 1870-1939 -- Daughter of Charles Henry Plympton

Lydia Corinna Brown 1891-1971 -- Daughter of Geneva (Neva) Plympton -- our grandmother



Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Antoine Robidoux - Santa Fe based Mountain Man and Fur Trader



Antoine Robidoux (22 Sep 1794 – 29 Aug 1860) (my 4th cousin 6x removed) was a Santa Fe NM based fur trapper and trader of French-Canadian descent. He was best known for his exploits in the American Southwest in the first half of the 19th century.

(The following is edited from wikipedia)

Robidoux was born in 1794 in Saint Louis, the fourth of six sons of Joseph Robidoux III, the owner of a Saint Louis-based fur trading company, and his wife Catherine Marie Rollet dit Laderoute. 

Antoine spoke English, French, and Spanish. In his early years he helped his father extend his business westward, and by the 1820s was focused on developing trade routes in the intermountain corridors of what was at the time the Mexican province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México. In the summer of 1824, Antoine may have joined a party led by Etienne Provost that traveled to the Uinta Basin to trade for pelts. 

He eventually established a permanent residence in the capital city of Santa Fe, and in 1828, he took for his common-law wife Carmel Benevides (1812–1888), the daughter of a Spanish captain who was killed fighting the Comanche and subsequently the adopted daughter of the provincial governor.



In 1829, Antoine and his younger brother Louis Robidoux petitioned for and were granted Mexican citizenship, which freed them to trade and settle in Mexican territory without having to worry about expensive tariffs and other international restrictions, as well as near-exclusive license to trap and trade in the Ute country of what is now western Colorado and eastern Utah. 


By 1830, Antoine had become a prominent citizen of Santa Fe in social and economic circles. He was even elected the first non-Mexican alcalde of the ayuntamiento (the municipal council), though his political career was short-lived.


Around the same time, and possibly in partnership with Louis, Antoine established Fort Uncompahgre near the confluence of the Gunnison River (then known as the Río San Xavier) and the Uncompahgre River in west-central Colorado. 

Though the exact date of its completion is unknown, Robidoux's post was arguably the first permanent trading operation west of the continental divide. 

In 1832, Robidoux purchased the Reed Trading Post, a single cabin built by William Reed and Denis Julien four years earlier at the confluence of the Uinta and Whiterocks rivers in northeastern Utah, and rebuilt it much larger as Fort Robidoux, also called Fort Uintah and Fort Winty. The fort was visited by many well-known pioneers and mountain men during its years of operation, including Marcus Whitman, Miles Goodyear, and Kit Carson.

Westwater Canyon inscription


Robidoux spent more than a decade managing both trading posts and exploring the Western interior. He is especially well known for having carved a famous rock inscription on a wall of Utah's Westwater Canyon during this time. Likely ascending a trapper's trail from the canyon's mouth on the Colorado River, Robidoux left the following record of his presence engraved on a sandstone bluff:

ANTOINE ROBIDOUX
PASSÉ ICI LE 13 NOVEMBRE

1837

POUR ETABLIRE MAISON

TRAITTE A LA

RV. VERT OU WIYTÉ

The inscription was not again brought to public attention until 1933, when Charles Kelly first photographed it. It has since yielded many interpretations in attempts to more accurately pinpoint the precise dates of Robidoux's operations in the area. The most direct translation from the French reads "Antoine Robidoux passed here 13 November 1837 to establish a trading post at the Green or Wiyté River", but the accuracy of this translation has been a matter of controversy among historians.

Specifically, it has been suggested that the word "Wiyté" was actually intended to read "Winté", and that deterioration has made the appearance of the third letter ambiguous; though the Green and the White are both names for rivers in Utah, "Winté" may instead be a reference to the Uinta River, which was at the time commonly called the "Winty". If this alternative translation is correct, then the inscription appears to suggest that Robidoux had not yet established a trading post on the Uinta River by 1837. This contradicts evidence that he purchased and rebuilt the Reed Trading Post on the Uinta River in 1832, five years earlier.

A simple solution is that the year engraved in the inscription has also been misinterpreted, and that the original message reads "1831" instead of "1837"; this would be a logical fit with the notion that Robidoux may have been searching for a place to establish a new trading post in late 1831, shortly before he eventually did so when he bought the Reed Trading Post. Yet there is evidence that Antoine Robidoux was actually in Missouri selling furs and procuring supplies in November 1831, making it impossible for him to have carved the inscription at that time.

A third solution is that 1837 is actually correct and that Robidoux was, in fact, planning to build a third, unidentified trading post in a new location at the time, which either never materialized or was built and subsequently lost to history.

Later life

Both Fort Uncompahgre and Fort Robidoux were evidently attacked and destroyed by Utes in 1844, just as the fur trade was declining with changes in the European market. These circumstances prompted Robidoux to quickly abandon his fur enterprise and return east to St. Joseph. 

Over the next decade, he worked in various capacities as an emigrant guide and a U.S. Army interpreter. 

In June 1846, Robidoux enlisted as an interpreter with General Stephen W. Kearny's expedition to California during the Mexican–American War.

The Battle of San Pasqual


The Battle of San Pasqual, also spelled San Pascual, was a military encounter that occurred during the Mexican–American War in what is now the San Pasqual Valley community of the city of San Diego, California. The series of military skirmishes ended with both sides claiming victory, and the victor of the battle is still debated.

On December 6 and December 7, 1846, General Stephen W. Kearny's US Army of the West, along with a small detachment of the California Battalion led by a Marine Lieutenant, engaged a small contingent of Californios and their Presidial Lancers Los Galgos (The Greyhounds), led by Major Andrés Pico. After U.S. reinforcements arrived, Kearny's troops were able to reach San Diego.

Among those in the battle were the 26 Mounted Rifle Company, and our relative Antoine Robidoux...

26 Mounted Rifle Company, commanded by Acting-Captain (Sgt.) Samual Gibson (later commanded company B of 26th Arkansas Infantry Regiment) and longtime Kit Carson and John Fremont associate, Acting-Lieutenant Alexander Godey: including Antoine Robidoux(interpreter), Philip Crosthwaite, Beatitude Patitoux, William (Col. Owl) Henry Russel, Daniel Sexton, Franklin Sears, Thomas Burgess, Jean Neutral, Private Henry Booker.

Antoine was severely wounded (he had received three lance wounds in the back) at the Battle of San Pasqual in December and later applied for a government pension.


Robidoux died in 1860 in St. Joseph, Missouri, at the age of 65.

1860 Obituary from St. Joseph, Missouri Gazette


Here’s a good tale about Antoine from The State Historical Society of Colorado. VOL. VII. Denver. Colorado, July, 1930. No. 4. “Antoine Robidoux, Kingpin in the Colorado River. Fur Trade, 1824-1844”https://www.historycolorado.org/sites/default/files/media/document/2018/ColoradoMagazine_v7n4_July1930.pdf