Sunday, July 3, 2016

Great-Uncle Daniel Amiot Canoes to the Gulf of Mexico

"French River Rapids," 1845 by Paul Kane

Daniel Joseph Amiot (Amyot) Dit Villeneuve (1665 - 1725), my 8th great-uncle, and his role as an engagé and voyageur

From: Michilimackinac Families - Compiled by Diane Wolford Sheppard © 2016 - http://www.habitantheritage.org/french-canadian_resources/fort_st_joseph_michilimackinac_and_river_raisinfrenchtown

Daniel Joseph Amiot took part in Henri de Tonti’s search for La Salle and descended the Mississippi River

13 February 1686, Henri de Tonti and the following men left Fort Saint Louis (present day Illinois) and descended the Mississippi to search for La Salle: Daniel Joseph Amiot, André Babeu, Laurent (Couture) Baret, Louis Baron, Vallier Beaufils, François Bisaillon, Pierre Bisaillon, Michel Boyer, Jacques Caillas, Joseph Charbonneau, Jean Couture, René Cuillerier, Charles Delaunay, Joseph Dubos, Martin Faller, Jacques Filiatrault, Jean Filiatrault, Pierre Lafontaine, Jean Lorrain/Laurin, Robert Marchand, Jean Michel, Jean Baptiste Nolan, Vital Oriot, Louis Paquet/Pasquier, Mathieu Perrin, Jean Rouleau, Mathurin Rousseau, Jean Roy, four Shawnee and five Illinois.

De Tonti took possession of the true mouth of the Mississippi/Colbert on 13 April 1686, but found no sign of La Salle even after he had dispatched canoes to the east and west about 30 leagues.

After the canoes returned because they had no fresh water, de Tonti proposed that they go back to Montréal via canoe by following the coast to Manhattan, but his men did not agree with this option.

As de Tonti and his men travelled north on the Mississippi on their return voyage, Tonti moved the King’s arms that La Salle had planted on his 1682 voyage five leagues farther north. He made peace with the Quinipissa (a tribe that joined with the Mougoulascha tribe) and left a letter for La Salle with the chief.


What happened to La Salle?

René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, born Nov. 22, 1643, in Rouen, France was an explorer, who led an expedition down the Illinois and Mississippi rivers and claimed all the watershed from the Mississippi and its tributaries for Louis XIV of France. He named the region “Louisiana.”

Years later, on March 19, 1687, near Brazos River (now in Texas), in a unsuccessful expedition searching the mouth of the Mississippi, he was murdered by his men.

Daniel Joseph Amiot's Additional Voyageur Trips


5 May, 7 May and 8 May 1690, François Garconnes de Boisrondel/t, acting for François Daupin sieur de LaForest, hired Daniel Joseph Amiot, Joseph Bénard, Joseph Fafard, Louis Fafard frères, and Jean Lat for a voyage to the Illinois [Antoine  Adhémar, RAPQ1930, 1 p.  198 – four  contracts].

Additional information regarding the 1690 contract: Amiot would depart as soon as possible in a canoe supplied by Boisrondel/t and return the following spring; he would help bring back a canoe of beaver. Amiot’s salary was  500 livres.

He  was  permitted  to  bring  with  him  two  packets  of  beaver  and  provisions  for  his subsistence.  He would be permitted to trade the merchandise at any place other than Fort St. Louis or the country  of  the  Illinois.

In  the  event  that  it  was  not  convenient  for  him  to  depart  in  1691,  Boisrondel/t would pay him an  additional 500 livres to remain another year. He would hunt for Laforest during this time [ILHC, 2 Vol. 23, pp. 207 - 210].


23  April  1694,  Louis  Rouer  de  Villeray,  acting  for  the  ancient  company  of Jean  Oudiette  and  Pierre Bénac in the name of Charles Catignon, hired Charles Bissot, Jean Baptiste Monmellian, and Jean Pascal Prévost/Provost, voyageurs,  to  go  to  Michilimackinac  to  hunt  for  the  furs  that Nicolas  Perrot  had  sent sieur Amiot  (probably  Daniel  Joseph)  to  bring  to  the  Jesuit  warehouse  in  the  name  of  Jacques  Charles Patu/Pattu, manager of the ancient company of Oudiette [Chambalon and Roy, 3 Vol. 18, pp. 69 - 70].

21 May 1694, Louis Rouer de Villeray, acting for the ancient company of Jean Oudiette and Pierre Benac, in  the  name  of  Charles  Catignon,  reached  an  agreement  with  Antoine  Martin dit Montpellier,  of  St-Bernard, Charles Cadieux, of Beauport; Charles Neveu/Nepveu and François Dumesny, of Québec; to go to Michilimackinac to hunt for the furs that Nicolas Perrot had sent sieur Amiot (probably Daniel Joseph) to  bring  to  the  Jesuit  warehouse  in  the  name  of  Jacques  Charles  Patu/Pattu,  manager  of  the  ancient company of Oudiette [Chambalon and Roy, Vol. 18, p. 72].

11 April 1710, Jean Soumande, a Montréal merchant, consented to an obligation from Daniel Amiot de  Villeneuve,  a voyageur,  for  837 livres and  two sols for  good  merchandise  for  his  voyage  to Michilimackinac.    Daniel  Amiot  Villeneuve  signed  the  consent  [Michel  LePallieur,  FHL  microfilm #1556892, image #02638].

15  October  1710,  Jean  Soumande,  a  Montréal  merchant,  represented  by  his  wife Damoiselle Anne Chaspoux  consented  to  an  obligation  from Daniel  Amiot dit Villeneuve,  a voyageur who  was  ready  to depart  for  Fort  Pontchartrain,  for  1484 livres, four sols, and  six deniers for  good  merchandise  and equipment  for  his  voyage.    Villeneuve  signed the  obligation  [Michel  LePallieur,  FHL  microfilm #1556892, image #02860].


Daniel marries the sister of the Ottawa chief Nissowaquet

Daniel Joseph Amiot married Domitilde Oukabé (aka Marie Kapiouapnokoué), an Ottawa, 2 September 1709 in Montréal. The  following  people  witnessed  their  marriage: Pierre  Biron,  Joseph  Leduc,  Jean Quenville [Quenneville],  and Jean  Jacquery  Lagenois [Zacharie ditL’Agenois][ancestry.com,  Drouin Collection, M, Montréal, Basilique Notre-Dame, 1705 - 1712, Image 223]. Domitilde was the sister of the Ottawa  chief  Nissowaquet [DCB].

Much of the above information came the The French-Canadian Heritage Society of Michigan. I am grateful to them for their marvelous website and historical research.

Our Lineage from Daniel Joseph Amiot:


Daniel Joseph Amiot (Amyot) Dit Villeneuve (1665 - 1725) - my 8th great-uncle



Mathieu Amiot (Amyot) Sieur de Villeneuve (1628 - 1688) - father of Daniel Joseph Amiot (Amyot) Dit Villeneuve (my 8th great-grandfather)



Catherine-Ursule Amiot (1664 - 1715) - daughter of Mathieu Amiot (Amyot) Sieur de Villeneuve



Etienne Duquet dit Desrochers (1694 - 1754) - son of Catherine-Ursule Amiot



Marie Madeleine Duquet (1734 - 1791) - daughter of Etienne Duquet dit Desrochers



Gabriel Pinsonneau (Pinsono) (1770 - 1813) - son of Marie Madeleine Duquet



Gabriel (Gilbert) Passino (Passinault) (Pinsonneau) (1803 - 1877) - son of Gabriel Pinsonneau (Pinsono)



Lucy Passino (1836 - 1917) - daughter of Gabriel (Gilbert) Passino (Passinault) (Pinsonneau)



Abraham Lincoln Brown (1864 - 1948) - son of Lucy Passino



Lydia Corinna Brown (1891 - 1971) - daughter of Abraham Lincoln Brown - my grandmother

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